Ecuador gets its name from the fact that it is crossed by the Equatorial Line. Ecuador is a country full of diverse cultures, climates and landscapes. Ecuador’s impressive natural diversity is due to two circumstances that enjoys their greatest confluence in the Andes of South America. First, Ecuador’s “Middle of the World” location means that Ecuador enjoys a vastly greater diversity of vegetation than say temperate regions. Second, Ecuador’s biological diversity is greatly enhanced by the range in altitudes that the Andes mountain affords the landscape.